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September 29, 2020
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A CSS framework is a front-end framework that contains a set of premade files used for building web projects. It enables developers to create a site structure that follows the best web design practices, without starting from scratch.
There are various CSS frameworks specializing in different areas. However, they can be largely classified into two groups, based on their complexity:
Using frameworks presents several advantages:
Here are some cons to using frameworks:
Whether or not you should use a CSS framework depends on your needs. If you want to create a web project without starting from a blank slate, using frameworks is a great solution.
As such, figure out your needs first and look for a CSS framework that can satisfy them. This way, the framework is optimized for your web projects.
However, if the project requires a lot of custom configurations, it is best to create your own CSS grid layout.
Here are the most widely-used CSS frameworks on the market:
Bootstrap is a responsive front-end framework that uses a 12-column grid system to create mobile-first websites.
Based on the flexbox module, the system enables page elements to adjust its height, width, and position to different screen sizes.
The fourth version supports Sass as their preprocessor language, which extends the functionality of CSS code. It also comes with premade UI components, layouts, and templates.
Foundation is one of the most popular frameworks among well-known brands, like Adobe. Not only can it be used to develop websites, but it can also work for creating emails.
This framework has a large library of building blocks of UI components. It also offers some starter templates for certain industry categories.
Additionally, Foundation’s Notable Code feature lets developers upload prototype projects and make notes directly on the websites.
Semantic UI is a web development framework that features human-readable HTML. Meaning, it uses descriptive class names that specify what a component does, not how it appears on the interface.
Semantic UI has thousands of theming variables and tools for developing responsive layouts, such as stackable grid containers. It uses LESS as the preprocessor language.
Here, the elements are mobile-first by default, which means they are designed for vertical viewing.
Bulma’s framework is also modular, so developers can download Bulma’s Sass files individually. They don’t have to import files that might not get used.
Materialize is a framework based on Material Design, which is a design language used in Google products. Like Bootstrap, it uses a responsive 12-column grid system.