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Market Demand

What is market demand?

In the world of economics, market demand is a term used to describe the demand for particular goods as well as who the buyers are who are interested in purchasing the product.

The number of consumers who are interested in the product affects the price of the product or service. The more people want to buy the product, the higher the price will be, and similarly, the fewer people there are to buy, the lower the price is. 

The demand for swimming costumes and summer clothes, for example, goes up for the summer, since more people are interested in buying a new swimsuit or a pair of shorts. 

What factors influence market demand?

It depends on the market, which individual factors are influencing the demand, but broadly speaking there are a couple of main factors affecting market demand: 

  • Price. It could be that your competitors are selling for a lower price level, or that consumers can find a close substitution for a better price. 
  • Income of the consumers. The more disposable income consumers and households have to spend, the more they will be wanting to buy different goods and services. 
  • Seasonality. Some products, like Christmas trees, see a huge spike in their market demand curve during the festive season, but the demand decreases after the holidays are over. Most supply curves adapt to seasonal market demand. 
  • Advertising. Marketing campaigns can also influence the demand curves and the quantity demanded in a particular product. 

When all the goods produced for the market are sold to buyers, a market equilibrium has been achieved. That means that the market supply has been met by the market’s demand.  

Market demand vs. individual demand

Individual demand refers to an individual consumer or company’s demand for certain goods. When enough people or businesses are needing or demanding the same goods and services, market demand is created. 

Market demand vs. aggregate demand

While market demand usually refers to a particular market (clothing or electronics), aggregate demand is a term used to refer to the demand in all markets. Aggregate demand over a longer time period is used as the basis for the gross domestic product (GDP). 

The GDP represents the overall amount of produced goods and services in an economy, aggregate demand, in turn, visualizes the demand for those produced goods and services. This is why both the GDP and aggregate demand grow and decrease together. 

How do you find market demand for an eCommerce product?

There are many tools available for eCommerce business owners to study their business demand: 


Keeping an eye on the keywords people are using in search engines can be a great way to find out, whether there is demand in the market you’re interested in selling.

There are both free and paid tools online that let you track the search volumes of keywords, look at similar and related keywords, and analyze your competitors. 

Surveys and interviews

Start with surveying your friends and family, or make use of social media and find out what people are interested in buying at the moment. 

Understanding what consumer demand is available for your business idea can help you further develop your target audience and build user personas. 

Social listening 

Social listening tools track certain keywords across different social media platforms and media outlets, and include filters and targeting options to make the listening process most relevant to your market research. 

Similarly to SEO, social listening will help you be on the pulse of what’s happening in your market and what the current consumer desire is at any given moment. 

Written by

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Matleena is a seasoned eCommerce writer, with a particular interest in emerging digital marketing trends, dropshipping, and growth hacking. She’s addicted to coming up with new eCommerce business ideas and making them a reality; she deserves her nickname of ‘print on demand business mogul.' In her free time, she enjoys cups of good coffee, tends to her balcony garden, and studies Japanese.

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